© Infineon (For illustration purposes only!) Components | October 04, 2011
Fab-Lite/Asset-Lite business model gaining momentum
Arguably, no other trend has so quickly swept through the IC industry and stirred up so much debate about the future of chip making as the spread of the "fab-lite" (or "asset-lite") business model, which is being embraced by a growing number of major integrated device manufacturers (IDMs) worldwide.
Most recently, large Japanese IC makers--namely Toshiba, Renesas, Sony, and Fujitsu--joined the fab-lite/asset-lite movement several years after U.S. and European IDMs began reining in capital expenditures on expensive new 300mm wafer fabs and increasing their use of third-party foundries. Nearly all IDMs today (excluding giant Intel and memory makers) are now aiming to keep capital spending at or below 10% of annual sales compared to the IC industry's average of more than 20% in the last decade. The advent of fab-/asset-lite strategies led to a rash of predictions that many IDMs were on their way to becoming fabless because they have stopped investing in leading-edge wafer plants and development of next-generation digital CMOS technologies. Indeed, some IDMs have used fab-/asset-lite strategies as steppingstones to going fabless--such as LSI and most recently Integrated Device Technology (IDT), which is now selling its 200mm fab in Oregon--but many other IC manufacturers insist "lite" business models are sustainable over the long term since they've narrowed their strategic product focus to categories that do not require 300mm wafer processes or expensive plants. IC Insights estimates that the top 10 IDMs pursuing fab-lite/asset-lite strategies accounted for 23% of the USD 261.3 billion IC market in 2010, or about USD 59.8 billion. © IC Insights The top 10 fab-/asset-lite IDMs outsourced approximately 21% of their IC production requirements to third-party manufacturers in 2010, which generated nearly USD 12.6 billion in sales from devices made by foundry companies last year. Based on current outsourcing targets in IDM-lite company strategies, sales of foundry-made ICs for these 10 companies are projected to reach USD 34.0 billion in 2015, which would be a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 22% from USD 12.6 billion in 2010. IC Insights estimates that the top 10 IDM fab-/asset-lite companies will outsource about 43% of their IC production requirements in 2015, if current strategies remain in place.
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