© eskymaks dreamstime.com Electronics Production | November 14, 2012
Amazon loses less money with Kindle Fire HD
The low-end Kindle Fire HD—with a 7-inch display, 16 gigabytes of NAND flash and Wi-Fi wireless only—carries a bill of materials (BOM) cost of $165.00. When the $9.00 manufacturing cost is added in, the cost to produce this model of the Kindle Fire HD increases to $174.00.
At $174.00, the Kindle Fire HD costs slightly less to make than its sales price of $199.00, strictly from a hardware and manufacturing perspective and not including other costs. This is an improvement from original Kindle Fire, which was priced the same at $199.00, but was initially estimated to carry $201.70 in BOM and manufacturing costs based on estimates made in November, 2011, meaning that Amazon took a loss on every media tablet sale. “Amazon’s strategy with the Kindle Fire HD 7-inch tablet is not really to make money on the hardware itself,” said Andrew Rassweiler, senior principal analyst, teardown services, for IHS. “Rather, the idea is to create a product at a compelling price point and then get a lot of consumer traction in order to put Amazon content and the Amazon online store into consumers’ hands. However, for its second-generation Kindle Fire, Amazon has reduced the cost to make the tablet, cutting the cost of the hardware subsidy that the company must put out to pursue its strategy.” © IHS Amazon managed to reduce the BOM cost of the HD, despite improving the specifications compared to the original Kindle Fire. However, most of the improvements are incremental, allowing Amazon to reduce costs or minimize increases in individual subsystems. The biggest area of cost reduction was in the display, accounting for a $23.00 decrease in the BOM compared to the first Kindle Fire. Like the original Kindle Fire, the HD sports a 7-inch display. However, the new model increases the resolution to 1,280 x 800 pixels, up from 1,024 x 600. The display and touchscreen subsystem costs a total of only $64.00, accounting for 39 percent of the Kindle Fire HD’s total BOM. In contrast, the original Kindle Fire’s display and touchscreen carried a cost $87.00 and accounted for 47 percent of the product's BOM, based on pricing from November 2011. The memory configurations in the Fire HD also doubled compared to the original Kindle Fire. The amount of NAND flash memory in the base-model HD has increased to 16GBytes, up from 8GBytes in the previous version. DRAM content rose to 1GByte of LPDDR2+ memory, up from 512 megabytes. The total memory cost in the Kindle Fire HD amounts to $23.00, or 14 percent of the BOM. Thus, despite a doubling in memory content, the combined memory cost for the HD is only $1.00 higher than in the original version of the Fire. This is because of normal pricing reductions that occur in the semiconductor market. There’s also an upgrade of the core Texas Instruments processor from the OMAP4430 to the OMAP4460, which raises the frequency to 1.5GHz, up from 1GHz. This incurred an increase of less than $2.00 in BOM cost compared to the first Kindle Fire. The battery was unchanged from the original model. However, because of normal electronics industry learning-curve dynamics, the cost of the battery declined to $15.00, down from $16.50. The HD also added a camera module, which was absent from the original model. However, with a low resolution of just 1 megapixel, the camera costs a negligible $2.50. This compares to $11.00 for the 5-megapixel camera, plus a secondary 1-megapixel 720p front-facing camera, in the iPad mini. “Overall these are all progressive incremental changes, with nothing revolutionary added,” Rassweiler said. “However, these features allow Amazon to offer a better feature set for less cost than the last version of the Kindle Fire, while maintaining the ‘magical’ $199 entry point at retail.” Amazon is offering other versions of the Kindle Fire HD beyond the base model dissected by the IHS iSuppli Teardown Analysis Service. The company also is selling two versions with 8.9-inch displays—one with Wi-Fi, and another with a 4G Long Term Evolution (LTE) wireless connection. Both the 7-inch and 8.9-inch models offer 16GByte and 32GByte memory options. “Amazon has taken an interesting twist on the ‘memory upgrade for dollars’ approach that Apple pioneered with the iPad line,” Rassweiler said. “There is a $70 price difference between the 16GByte and 32GByte 8.9-inch models. However, there’s only a $50 gap for the same difference on the 7-inch model. That means Amazon makes a better incremental profit margin for the 8.9-inch 32GByte model. “The Kindle Fire HD 8.9-inch with LTE comes in 32GByte and 64GByte options. There is a $100 retail price difference between the models. These price variations are interesting because the cost of NAND flash is approaching $0.50 per GByte in the market for commodity NAND flash, making these optional upgrades highly profitable for Amazon.” Major design winners in the Kindle Fire HD include LG Display, which supplied the display/touchscreen subsystem in the individual tablet torn down by IHS. However, IHS believes that Panasonic is also a source for the subsystem. Despite the cost reduction, the display remains the most expensive section of the Kindle Fire HD. Samsung contributed the NAND flash, while SK Hynix was the source of the DRAM. As mentioned previously, Texas Instruments supplied the processor, and the company also provided the HDMI component IC.